Republic of Bulgaria is member of European Union (EU) since 2007. Within this organization are introduced clear rules that are binding on all parties - States. The EU has introduced the principles of free movement of people and goods. In order to fulfill these tasks and in particular to protect the rights, safety and health of EU citizens is developed strategy for New and Global Approach. It`s transposing the Directives into national law of the Member States of the EU. They are regulated as well as the rights and obligations of all member states.
New Approach directives are fully harmonized in the EU Member States, leading to the prevention of technical barriers to trade. This means that they are introduced in the legislation of each country, while completely replace the corresponding national provisions at the time. EU member states have an obligation to implement the New Approach Directives, tailoring them to their national legislation on the most appropriate way. They must repeal all national laws that contradict the directives. Moreover, as a general rule, Member States may not maintain or introduce more stringent measures than those foreseen in the Directive, which would hamper the free movement of goods.
While the New Approach directives regulate only the essential safety requirements, harmonized standards are recommended technically and economically feasible ways to implement these requirements, taking into account the level of technology at a time. Compliance with harmonized standards entail automatic presumption of conformity with the essential requirements of the directives.